What To Expect When Going Through Lymphoma Cancer Treatment

Lymphoma treatment is an important topic that deserves ample extra attention. While there are many people around the world suffering from this severe form of cancer, there aren't a lot of places to get accurate information about lymphoma and its treatment. Here are some things that you need to know about lymphoma cancer and treatments that are available.

What Is Lymphoma Cancer?

The lymphatic system is part of your immune system, which also includes your bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and tonsils. It is a network of vessels that carry white blood cells to fight infection. Lymphoma is a cancer that develops in this system, and it can affect different areas of the body. 

Lymphoma causes cancerous cells can grow in the lymphatic system, including the lymph nodes (small bean-shaped organs), spleen (located under the ribcage on the left side of the body), and lining of the intestines.

Lymphoma can affect any age group and any race or ethnicity.

How Does Lymphoma Cancer Develop?

Lymphoma develops when lymphocytes become malignant and multiply uncontrollably, forming tumors throughout the body. Cancerous B- or T-cells may spread from the lymph node to other organs, such as your bone marrow, liver, or spleen. This process is called metastasis or tumor dissemination, which can quickly cause serious illness if not treated immediately with chemotherapy drugs or radiation therapy.

Risk Factors for Developing Lymphoma Cancer

Lymphomas can develop at any age, but people who have weakened immune systems have an increased risk of developing them. Other risk factors include:

  • Being exposed to radiation or certain chemicals or toxins (such as insecticides)
  • Having HIV/AIDS or being infected with the hepatitis C virus
  • Having diabetes mellitus type 1

If you are at a higher risk, it is a good idea to be tested regularly for lymphoma. 

What Are the Symptoms of Lymphoma Cancer?

Lymphoma can have symptoms that are similar to other cancers. These symptoms can include:

  • Bone pain
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite or unintended weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes 

If you are experiencing these symptoms, you want to see a doctor soon. 

Lymphoma Cancer Treatments Available

Lymphoma cancer treatments are available, but it depends on the type of lymphoma you have and the stage of your cancer. The following are some common lymphoma cancer treatments:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy

These are some of the treatment options that are available to treat lymphoma. 

Knowing about lymphoma cancer and treatment options can give hope to those who have lymphoma. For more information, contact a company like Alaska Oncology and Hematology LLC.